Surveyed for Frederick Swagerty,
 Dec. 13, 1769 from a warrant issued to John Gallaher on September 8,1755, Cumberland, Pennsylvania, Fermanagh Twp.
The rendering  above is a 1904 true copy of an original survey on file in the Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Harrisburg. 
Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission website   
 Copied Survey  Books
  C- 63  p177

(below)  Map of Perry County   This modern map shows Cocalamus Creek as it flows around the peninsula and then turns south to flow southwesterly and into the Juniata River just below Millerstown.   U.S. Route 17 follows the old Sunbury Path.   The old road connected 18th century settlers in south Fermanagh and Greenwood Townships  with  the Susquehanna River to the east about ten miles away.

 Frederick Swagerty
Cumberland County, Pennsylvania 

Land Research, Website, and Narrative
by Iris Teta Eubank Wagner.

Rapho Township Map #40 Frederick Swygart
Evidence from the land records of Lancaster County and the 1763 First Tax of Fermanagh, show that Frederick probably moved from Rapho Township, Lancaster County in early 1762 or 1763 to settle on unwarranted land in Fermanagh Township in Cumberland County.

Evidently, in 1763  there was still a threat of Indian attack west of the Susquehanna, and settlers in numbers fled to safe territory east of the Susquehanna.  As an example, Joseph Greenwood, who lived in Pfoutz Valley and for whom Greenwood Township is named, is on the list of Fermanagh taxables in1763 for 500 warranted acres.   In 1764 he removed temporarily to Paxton Township, on the east side of the Susquehanna River, away from the Indian threat.  In 1767 he returned to his 500 acres, which were now in Greenwood Township. Other settlers who had fled in 1764 also returned to their land.  Joseph Greenwood  is on the 1768 Tax List for Greenwood Township.

1763 First Tax List of Fermanagh Township, Cumberland  County
There are fifty-one entries on this first tax list of Fermanagh Township in 1763.  Nineteen entries are settlers on unwarranted land, as was Frederick.


Frederick, too, may have had to leave the area in 1764 because of the Indian threat.  His earliest land record in Cumberland County is West Side Application # 3414, Tract # 60, surveyed May 10, 1768, shown below on the Greenwood Township Warrantee Map.

e Shown below by Tract Number  are Frederick's four tracts

 e First Survey, Tract # 60 -  On April 11, 1767 Frederick made application to have 200 acres surveyed on the east side of Cocolamus Creek.  One-hundred and seventy-three acres were surveyed on May 10, 1768, for Frederick Sweikert, Appl. # 3414.  John Ross' # 3413 application is listed just above Frederick's.  Below, the West Side Application record.  (Note:  It was Pennsylvania land law of the time that the applicant applying for unwarranted land had to accept the number of acres surveyed.)

 Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission website, Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg.

Greenwood Township was formed in 1767, therefore Frederick's Tract # 60, surveyed on May 10, 1768 was located in the newly formed township.  The first paragraph in the chapter on Greenwood Township, written by A. L. Guss, from Ellis & Hungerford describes the boundaries of  Fermanagh at the time Greenwood was erected, and this boundary remained until 1789, when Mifflin County was created.  Notice, particularly the phrase, ". . . except that portion of the present Greenwood Township lying north of the mouth of Cocolamus Creek, which then belonged to Fermanagh Township . . ."

Where Frederick lived  - All of Frederick's records in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, from 1770 through 1782 are in Fermanagh Township.  Evidence of the records so far leads to the conclusion that Frederick lived on the land he surveyed in the right of John Gallaher in 1769, Tract # 77 a & b.  1782 is the last list of taxables on which he is included in Fermanagh Township.  In 1783 he is included on the first List of Taxables in Greene County, North Carolina.

Greenwood Township Warrantee Map "A" -   pdf file
area west and north of Cocolamus Creek was Fermanagh Twp. until 1789
Greenwood Township Warrantee Map "B" - Warrantees' names and Tract #'s - pdf
Greenwood Twp, Cumberland County, became Greenwood Twp, Perry County in 1820.
Frederick's Tracts # 60  -  # 76 abc  -  # 77 ab

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission website, Pennsylvania State Archives, Harrisburg.
(Frederick's tracts and adjacent land holders in bold line and numbers,)

e Second Survey, Tract # 77 a & b - On December 13, 1769, Frederick surveyed in the right of John Gallaher's warrant dated September 8, 1755.  After this 1769 survey, Tract # 77a, 48 acres and Tract # 77b, 105 acres, were not resurveyed until 1820 for Henry Gable (# 77a, 48 acres), and in 1822 for the heirs of George Neigley (#77b,105 acres). 

Tract # 71  David Miller's improved Tract in 1780, the year he bought James Gallagher's 222 acres.

Tract # 78  was James Gallagher's 222 warranted acres, which reached to the Juniata river. James
Gallagher was Commissioner of Ferries in early Fermanagh. From Tracts 71 and 78 David Miller developed Millerstown.  Harrison Hain's  History  of  Perry County is in digital  format on Google Books.

e Third Tract # 76 abc - deeded to Frederick from William Patterson on November 7, 1781.
Excerpt from the deed :

 " . . . I, William Patterson of Cumberland County have sold to Frederick Swagert one-hundred and ten acres of land situate in a long square piece and Beginning at David Miller's [Tract # 71] Northeast Corner a Dead Oak & extending along Thomas Bull's [Tract # 79] line to said Frederick's line to Cocalamus Creek in Fermanagh Township, Cumberland County, in consideration of fifty pounds specie, being part of a Tract of Land granted by the Proprietaries to Samuel Harris of New Jersey . . ."

Tract # 79 was Thomas Bull's survey in the right of John Gronow's warrant of April 7, 1774.  John
Gronow was Thomas Bull's father-in-law.  Thomas Bull married Sarah Gronow.   John Gronow warranted and patented Gawen Erwin's early tract which is located along Cocalamus Creek between James Gallagher's 222 acres and John Gallaher's 159 acres, in whose right Frederick surveyed in 1769.

Tract # 76 was Samuel Harris' "Master Tract"  - 308 acres - from which William Patterson must have bought from Samuel Harris and had surveyed the Tracts #76 abc. 

e Fourth Tract, along Little Mahantango Creek
is located about five miles northeast of the other tracts.
On September 7, 1770, 159 acres in Greenwood Township on Little Mahantango Creek were surveyed to Frederick Swagarty on his West Side Application # 5413, dated March 31, 1769, a  tract in the southwest corner of present Susquehanna Twp,Juniata 
County, near the Perry Co.line.
True copy from 1904 of an original survey on file in the Pennsylvania          
        Department of Internal Affairs, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
From John Woolf Jordan's history of the Juniata Valley :
      "The first settlement back from the river [Susquehanna] was commenced in August, 1766, when James Gallagher warranted a tract of 211 acres near the southwest corner of the township
       [Susquehanna Township] ".
 Gallagher later sold the property to Samuel Osborne, another early settler.

From Ellis and Hungerford's history :
      "Samuel Osborne, one of the commissioners to run the line [of Greenwood Township], lived in the limits of the present township [1886] of  Susquehanna, and owned, at the time, the tract in the southwest
corner  of  the township, now owned in part by Levi Light.  Samuel Curran, the other commissioner, resided near Cedar Spring Church, now in Walker Township."

James Gallagher's               Survey on Little Mahantango adjacent
 to Frederick's land

At left is James Gallagher's tract of  211 acres on Little Mahantango Creek     in Greenwood  Township, surveyed on March 31, 1770, by order to survey  # 929 on August 22, 1766. This tract  is adjacent to Frederick's Mahantango tract, shown above.  This Gallagher tract was sold to Samuel Osborne,
and by  the early 1880's it was owned partly by Levi Light.

     True copy from 1904 original survey on file in the Pennsylvania
     Department of Internal Affairs, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.


St. Michael's Churchyard  A satellite view of the old churchyard where numerous gravestones can be seen.  The location is about four miles northeast along Sunbury Path from where Frederick lived on Tract 77 a&b, and just a short distance south on Millrace Road where it turns southwesterly.
 (see map below)

St. Michael's Evangelical Lutheran Churchyard, Grave Sites
Two of the three oldest gravestones still standing in St. Michael's Churchyard mark the grave sites of Frederick's son and daughter Frederick and Elizabeth.
        Frederick Swigorty :  September 1, 1761 - March 4, 1777
          Elizabeth Swigorty :   1755 - February 2, 1777

The baptismal record of St. Michael's began in October, 1774, by the minister of the congregation, Rev. Michael Enderlin.  Elizabeth Schwigerty, age nineteen,  and her younger sister Maria Schwigerty, age sixteen, were baptized and confirmed on October 30, 1774. Elizabeth may well have been a twin sister to her brother Abraham Swagerty, by proof of document to have been born in 1755.

Frederick Swagerty's
Revolutionary War Records,
   Militia of the Fourth Battalion, Cumberland County
January 1777James Gibson's company of Militia of the Fourth Battalion
During the Revolutionary War  Frederick served with a battalion of militiamen who lived in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania.  Colonel James Wilson commanded the Militia of the Fourth Battalion of the county. Almost fifty years old in 1777 Frederick served as a Private in Captain James Gibson's company.  Lieutenants in the company were Arthur Cunningham and Isaac Thompson.  Ensign was Thomas Bull, who lived on an adjacent tract of land to Frederick's Tract # 77 along Cocalamus Creek in Fermanagh Township.  Sergeants were Andrew Nelson, Hugh McAlister, John Thompson, and John Hamilton. Corporals were Robert McCammon, John Moon, Andrew Kidlinger, and George Armstrong.  The Drummer was Nathaniel Moon and Fifer was Philip Quigly. Capt. James Gibson certified this list of men to be a "true return" of his company in January, 1777.

Frederick's son and daughter, Frederick and Elizabeth, died in early 1777.  The family lived on the original John Gallagher land warrant that Frederick had surveyed in 1769 along Cocalamus Creek.  Both of his other surveyed tracts were in Greenwood Township. 

1778 - First State Tax - Fermanagh - Cumberland 
Pennsylvania's First State Tax was taken in 1778.  Frederick is on this tax list, living in Fermanagh Township.   In addition, several men who served with Frederick in Capt. Gibson's company are on this list. Frederick is assessed for 74 acres, two horses, four head cattle.

July 1778 - David Bowl's militia of the Fourth Battalion
Frederick continued to serve  in the Fourth Battalion according to muster records of July, 1778.  He was serving with Captain David Bowl's company at this time.  Bowl lived east across Cocalamus Creek, adjacent to Frederick's warranted Tract # 60 in Greenwood Township.  Lieutenant was Samuel Huling; Ensign Abram Wilson; and privates were many of the same families, if not first names, of the 1777 return.

January 1779 - James Gibson's militia, Fermanagh
Man for man, the names that appear on the 1779 muster roll of Capt. James Gibson's company of militia are the same as those that appear on the 1777 roster of men. 

Also included on the 1778 Tax List of Freemen of Fermanagh - not married nor owning land - is Frederick's son Abraham.  Twenty-year-old Abraham Swagerty had earlier in 1775, at the beginning of the Revolutionary War, joined the First Pennsylvania Regiment serving in one of the two companies of the famed Pennsylvania Riflemen, who marched from Carlisle to Boston in the summer of 1775, and then during December crossed the Maine Wilderness to Quebec, led by General Benedict Arnold.  Abraham was wounded and taken prisoner by the British during the Americans' aborted attempt to take Quebec.  He was released months later in July, 1776.  After his release in New York City, Abraham evidently returned to recuperate at his father's home in Fermanagh.   Abraham, who later surveyed millions of acres in the future state of Tennessee, probably learned his skill in surveying from John Armstrong, who was associated with a school in Cumberland County.

State Tax for 1779 Fermanagh, Cumberland
Frederick Swagerty is listed on this 1779 State Tax List as owning 260 acres, three horses, five heads cattle.
Neither Frederick's son Abraham nor his friend and colleague James Gibson are on this list.  Land records reveal Abraham was in the over mountain country of North Carolina by 1780.

State Tax List 1780 Fermanagh, Cumberland
On the 1780 Tax List for Fermanagh Township, Frederick's 260 acres is assessed separately in two parcels :  160 acres and 100 acres.  He is taxed for two horses and four head cattle.

State Tax List 1781 Fermanagh, Cumberland
There is a revealing element in this Tax list for Frederick.  He is taxed for 160 acres, three horses and three head of cattle.   Where is the previous 100 acres he was taxed for in 1779 and 1780 ? 

This juncture in time is significant :  in 1781, 100 acres disappear from Frederick's tax list in Pennsylvania, and 100 acres appear entered in Frederick Swagerty's name in the land office of Washington County, North Carolina, on  February 5, 1780.   The survey for this 100 acres was made by Abraham Swagerty twelve years later on December 4, 1792.   The State of North Carolina Grant  # 1204 for this land was dated  February 24, 1793. 

The over mountain country of North Carolina  would open up to settlement, no matter the outcome of the rebellion in progress.  Frederick and son Abraham formed a land company and Abraham began his work as a surveyor for the prominent land speculators in that country - particularly STOCKLEY DONELSON, the son of early settler and leader in the Nashville settlement, JOHN DONELSON.

State Tax List for 1782 Fermanagh, Cumberland
Frederick Swagerty owned 260 acres, as previously in 1779 and 1780.  He is also assessed for one horse and one cow.  On November 7, 1781, William Patterson of Fermanagh (see deed detail above) sold Frederick 110 acres

Greene County, Tennessee, First Tax List 1783
Frederick's name appears on the First Tax List of 1783 for Greene County, Tennessee, being assessed for
100 acres, five horses, and three heads of cattle.

German Immigrant Frederick Swagerty
and son, surveyor Abraham Swagerty
were among First Settlers in Tennessee

 Original Narrative Copyright Iris Teta Eubank Wagner 2009 and 2010


Sources :
Pennsylvania Department of Internal Affairs, Harrisburg, original
    surveys.   The Pennsylvania  Archives, Harrisburg. Pennsylvania
    Historical and Museum Commission website. Digital Documents,

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission, Pennsylvania
 State  Archives, Digital Documents, including Land Records.  (EastSide Applications, Westside Applications, Warrant Register,

 Patentee Register)

My Pennsylvania Genealogy website.  Embedded maps in PDF
 format of each county in  Pennsylvania.

F. Ellis and A. N. Hungerford, editors,  History of that Part of the Susquehanna and Juniata  Valleys, embraced in the Counties of Mifflin, Juniata, Perry, Union and Snyder, in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, Everts, Peck, & Richards, 1886.

John Woolf Jordan, Librarian, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, A History of Juniata Valley and  its people, Vol.I, illustrated, Lewis Historical Publishing Company, New York

Harrison Hain, History of Perry County, Pennsylvania, Including Descriptions of Indian and Pioneer Life from the Time of Earliest Settlement, Hain-Moore Company, Publishers, Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.

Rev. David H. Focht, A.M., Churches Between the Mountains : A History of the Lutheran Congregations in Perry County, Pennsylvania, Chapter V, Section III, St. Michael's Church in Pfoutz's Valley, Greenwood Township.

Silas Wright, History of Perry County, in Pennsylvania, from the Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Millerstown, 1872, Wylie & Griest, Printers, Bookbinders and Stereotypers, 1873.

Ralph Beaver Strassburger and William John Hinke, Pennsylvania German Pioneers, Vol. 1 and Vol. 2 ( the signature edition, p466) of the Ships' Lists, Pennsylvania German Society, 1934.

Frederick Krebs, translated and edited by Donald Yoder, "Palatine Emigrants to America from the Oppenheim Area, 1742-1749,"  The Pennsylvania Genealogical Magazine, Vol. XXI, p244.

Rolf Kilian and Franz Weyell, "The Families of Nieder-Ingelheim and Frei-Weinheim, 1550-1820," Part 2 of Vol.13: Ingelheim am Rhein : a book of Genealogies of the Frankfurt am Main area published by Heinz F. Friederichs, 1966.

William Henry Egle, Pennsylvania State Library, Notes and Queries of Pennsylvania: Historical and Biographical, Harrisburg Publishing Company, 1898 (Original from the University of Michigan), Digitized July 14, 2006, by Google Books.

Rupp, Daniel, A Collection  of Upwards of 30,000 Names of German, Swiss, Dutch, French, and Other Immigrants to Pennsylvania from 1727 to 1776, Genealogical Publishing Company, 2000, pp 211, 212 - 1749.

Loretto Dennis Szucs and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking, The Source: A Guidebook to American Genealogy, Third Edition, Ancestry Publishing, 2006.

Burgert, Annette Kunselman, Palatine Origins of Some Pennsylvania Pioneers, AKB Publications, Myerstown, Pennsylvania, 2000.

Gabriele Bohnert, City Archivist, Lahr, Germany ; Letter written to Mary Slowey concerning the Johann Jacob Schweikart (archivist pointed out also spelled Schweickhardt) family, keepers of the guest house , "The Blumen Inn," of Lahr, Schwarzwald, Germany., online genealogy service provided by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints.

Sarah Sweigert O'Haver, family information from Bible and papers  given Mrs.O'Haver by her father Frederick Swagerty. (Sarah and Joseph O'Haver moved their family from Cocke County, Tennessee to Greene County, Indiana before 1820. )

Swagerty Family Bible, kept by James, Sr. and Delilah (Meek) Swagerty, published in Tennessee Ancestors, August 1986, Vol 2, p126-127.  The Bible record was submitted for publication by Mrs. Violet K. Wolfe of Monroe County, Tennessee.  The Bible was owned in 1986 by Mrs. Grace Reid Wear Kirkpatrick of Madisonville, Tennessee, descendant of Susannah Swagerty Johnson, daughter of James Swagerty, Jr. and Nancy Clark Swagerty.

James G. M. Ramsey, Annals of Tennesse ; Originally Printed in 1853 for J.G.M. Ramsey, MD, by Walker and Jones, Charleston, South Carolina.  Reprinted 1967 with the addition of a biographical introduction, annotations and index for the East Tennessee Historical Society, Knoxville, Tennessee.  Reprinted 1999 by the Overmountain Press.

Irene M.Griffey, Earliest Tennessee Land Records & Earliest Tennessee Land History, Clearfield Company, Inc., reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Company, Inc, Baltimore, Maryland, 2003, pp384,385.

Thomas Perkins Abernethy, From Frontier to Plantation in Tennessee : A Study in Frontier Democracy, Chapter: Jackson, Blount, and Sevier, Southern Historical Publications No.12, University of Alabama Press, 1967, p173.

Pollyanna Creekmore, Early East Tennessee Tax Payers,  (Greene County 1783, Cocke County 1839, Map of Cocke County 1832, Bill for Creation of Washington County), Southern Historical Press, Easley, South Carolina, reprint edition 1988.

Nichols, Francis. "Diary of Lieutenant Francis Nichols, of Colonel William Thompson's Battalion of
Pennsylvania  Riflemen, January to September 1776." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 20 (1896), pp. 504-515.

The Papers of Gen. Francis Nichols :  (1) Letter to Gen. Francis Nichols from John Rhea, Attorney for Abraham Swagerty, Washington, December 9, 1809 ; (2)  Pottsgrove, December 17th, 1809, Letter in Reply : Gen. Francis Nichols to John Rhea.

Pat Alderman, Over the Mountain Men: Early Tennessee History - Battle of King's Mountain, Cumberland Decade, State of Franklin, Southwest Territory ; The Overmountain Press, Johnson City, Tennessee ; Original Copyright 1970 ; Reprinted with Index, Copyright 1986, The Overmountain Press.

Journal of Captain Hendricks from Carlisle to Boston, Thence to Quebec. 1775.  Contributed to by the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Publication Title: Pennsylvania Archives, Series 2, Vol XV, pages 21-58.

  G.L. Ridenour, Land of the Lakes, page 8.