Library of Congress
Amherst County, Virginia
This map of Amherst County shows the James River - boundary between Amherst and Bedford Counties. The Pedlar River runs north and Horsley's Creek a branch of the Pedlar, runs along the north side of Tobacco Row Mountain. This is the area where John and Margaret Eubank and George and Delilah Eubank lived. Their brother Ambrose lived in adjoining property until 1797, when he moved across the James River to Bedford. This is the area of residence of John Ware and his son James Ware, and of William Ware, and his son John Ware. Farther on to the Amherst Courthouse and across the Buffalo River to Glasgow lived the David Shepherd Garland family and the Rose family.
c1750 - 1820
c1755 - c1807
Amherst County, Virginia
late 18th Century early 19th
by Iris Teta Eubank Wagner
By 1780 the Eubank brothers, John and George, were ready to leave their old home in Tidewater Virginia. It had been two years since the death of their father John Eubank,Sr., a Constable in Caroline County. I think their mother Mary Bullard Eubank was still living at her homeplace in Caroline with a brother of John and George, Thomas Eubank, who in 1797 was executor of the estate of Mary Eubank.
Probate Order of John Eubank, Sr. from the Caroline County Order Books:
- The Last Will and Testament of JOHN EUBANK, deceased,
was proved by the Oaths of JAMES CARTER and JAMES FLETCHER, and ordered to be
recorded; On motion of JOHN and GEORGE EUBANK, the
Executors therein named, a Certificate is granted them for obtaining a
Probate thereof, they having taken the Oath of Executors and entered into and
acknowledged a Bond with Security which is ordered to be recorded.
1778 Dec - JOHN HOOMES,Gent., MUNGO ROY, PHILLIP JOHNSTON and JOHN LONG or any three of them (being first sworn) are appointed to appraise the personal Estate of JOHN EUBANK, deceased, according to Law.
1779 Mar - WILLIAM ELLIOTT is appointed Overseer of the Road in the room of [in place of] JOHN EUBANK.
1779 Apr 8 - An Inventory and Appraisment of the Estate of JOHN EUBANK, deceased, returned and ordered to be recorded.
John and Margaret "Peggy" Newman Eubank, George and Delilah Williams Eubank sold their land in Caroline County, Virginia, near Bowling Green in February, 1780.
1780 Feb 10 - A Deed Indented from GEORGE EUBANK and DELILAH his Wife, JOHN EUBANK and PEGGY [MARGARET NEWMAN] his Wife to JOHN LONG (the said DELILAH and PEGGY being first privately examined) acknowledged and ordered to be recorded.
1780 Feb 10 - A Deed Indented from GEORGE EUBANK and DELILAH his Wife, JOHN EUBANK and PEGGY his Wife to NICHOLAS LONG (the said DELILAH and PEGGY being first privately examined) acknowledged and ordered to be recorded.
Pre-War Caroline County, Virginia
A decade before John and George's move to Amherst there had been much dissidence and discussion, both religious and political, among the citizens of Caroline County. The Eubank brother's close ties and loyalty had been to Col. John Baylor, with wealth and influence in the county. Col. Baylor was a staunch supporter of the Church of England, and as Burgess of the county, had not supported a break with Great Britain. After being voted out of office, Col. Baylor died in 1772. By the time John and George sold their land in early 1780, Caroline County was one of the most active for the Patriot Cause. And at that time the War was not going well for the Patriots.
The Eubank brothers must have felt pressured, as supporters of the Church of England, or Episcopal Church, to leave Caroline County and remove to a more safe environment of like-minded neighbors.
Now in 1780, their father had died, and the Revolutionary War was underway. It is by record we know that Ambrose joined the Patriots' cause in Caroline, but by November 1779 he had bought land in Amherst. It was at this point that John and George decided to join Ambrose in Amherst. They sold their land in Caroline two months later on February 10, 1780.
Crossing the Valley of Virginia to the Foothills of the Great Blue Ridge Mountains
At the time of their move from Caroline County in 1780, John and Margaret, Peggy, were parents of three-year-old Thomas Newman Eubank, born August 15, 1777, and baby Lucy Eubank, born in the autumn of 1779.
The Eubank brothers, and in-laws and friends with them, moved across the Valley of Virginia to Amherst County at the foothills of the great Blue Ridge Mountains.
East Amherst County lies against the steep rise of the Blue Ridge Range.
(Jefferson-Fry Map below) Before the James River cuts through the Blue Ridge, it is the border between Amherst and Bedford Counties. The Eubank brothers' cousin Achilles Eubank, son of Richard Eubank, whose name appears in early Caroline Order Books, moved to Goochland County about 1755. Achilles moved from Goochland to the Peaks of Otter in Bedford County, about ten miles south of the James River. He moved about the same time Ambrose, John, and George moved to Amherst County, 1779/80. According to his pension application papers, Achilles entered his third enlistment in the Revolutionary War from Bedford County in 1781.
Amherst County & Peaks of Otter
Library of Congress, Voorhees Maps c1770
John and George bought their first land on Wilderness Creek at the James River. John later moved farther north in Amherst to the head of Puppies Creek along the valley between Tobacco Row Mountain and the Blue Ridge Range along Horseley's Creek. George moved to the nearby Forks of Buffalo in Amherst County.
Library of Congress, Jefferson-Fry Map 1751
The Cabell Family
The Governor's Council of Virginia gave English immigrant William Cabell the right to survey and patent 3,200 acres in old Goochland County 1731.
Library of Virginia, Albert and Shirley Small Collection
Albemarle County was formed from Goochland and Louisa Counties in 1744; Amherst formed from Albemarle in 1761. Cabell descendants developed much of the land in Amherst and were prominent in the political and commercial culture of first Albemarle, and later Amherst, and the later partitioned counties.
John is a member of the Amherst Militia
John's name is included on Alexander Brown's Early-Settlers List as being a member of the Amherst Militia in 1781. His DAR registration is through Betti Boatwright McFaul and my first cousin once removed, Margaret Jacqueline Moore, included on DAR Roster Vol. II, No. 560469.
18th Century Property Deeds
Amherst and Bedford Counties
1779 November 1 - To
Eubank - 104 acres on Horsleys
Creek from Roderick McCulloch and wife Elizabeth. [ Horsleys Creek runs
into Pedlar River at Pedlar Mills.]
Through years of researching our Eubank lineage, I am
certain that Ambrose is a brother to John and George. I also think that
Richard Eubank, father of Achilles Eubank, is an elder brother of
John Eubank, father of John and George,
1782 September 2 - To John Eubank - 370 acres both sides Wilderness Creek, and 98 acres on Davis Spring Branch, from Philip and Judith Thurmond. [S. Amherst County, Wilderness Creek empties into the James River one and a half miles west of the mouth of Pedlar River.]
1784 ? date - To David Jarrell - 286 acres from John W. Eubank - Wilderness Creek. [John may have had a middle name and uses the initial here - this and the deed below are the only instances found where he uses it. His middle name may have been Walker, from the family associated with Col. John Baylor's father at Walkerton, King & Queen County.]
1784 ? date - To George Eubank - 187 acres transferred from John W. Eubank -Wilderness Crk.
December 5, 1784 - To John Eubank - 118 acres on Horsleys Creek from Richard Wilbourn, on line of Ambrose Eubank. [Horsleys Creek empties into the Pedlar River at the village of Pedlar Mills, a few miles upstream from the James River. John evidently moved closer to Ambrose on Horsleys Creek.]
June 20, 1785 - To John Eubank, from Zachariah Taylor of Lincoln County, Kentucky - 121 acres on Maple Creek in Amherst. Witnesses: Richard Ballenger, Henry Shoemaker, John Shoemaker. [Maple Creek is a branch of the Pedlar River about two miles upstream from the James River. It is in an area where the Ellis family was settled.]
September 6, 1790
- John Eubank
Peggy [Margaret] Amherst County, to Ashcraft Roach, AC, 173 acres
- survey and
division for Eubank by Joseph Barnett; other part in possession of David Jarrell
on Wilderness Creek and branches of
Laurence Creek. Lines: McCulloch. Tract of
13 acres by patent of 16
June 1789, on ridge between Wilderness and
Laurence Creek, and joins No.l. Lines: Roderick McCulloch, Ashcraft
Roach, Nicholas Davies.
October 15, 1792 - To John Eubank from Charles Davis and wife Rosanna, 121 acres on Horsleys Creek where said John Eubank now lives. Rosanna, the daughter of Charles Ellis, Sr., deceased.
September 17, 1797 - Ambrose Eubank and wife Frankey, of Amherst County, 104 acres to John Richerson. Recorded February 17, 1806. [Ambrose and Frankey bought land in Bedford County from Henry Landon Davis and wife Lucy Whiting on October 14,1797.]
September 16, 1799 - To Peter Sulman from John Eubank and wife Peggy, 300 acres on both sides Wilderness and Lawrence Creeks.
September 19, 1802 - Caleb Ralls
Amherst County, John Eubank
to Hardin Haynes surveyed March 8,1798, branches Horsley. Lines: grantor
and grantee, Job Carter, Charles Crawford, Philip Thurmond. Wit: Thomas N. Eubank, Wm. Burks, A.B. Warwick.
18th Century Land Tax
Amherst and Bedford Counties
1782 Amherst County,
Lexington Parish - John Eubank 472 acres [The families of both John and George must have lived on this
1782 Ambrose Eubank 104 acres.
1789 John Eubank -
two tracts, 118 acres and 121 acres
George Eubank - 187 acres
Ambrose Eubank - 104 acres __________________
1787 Amherst County
Personal Property Tax
John Eubank - No white males between 16 and 21; 3 blacks over16; no blacks under 16; 3 horses; 10 cattle
George Eubank - No white males between 16 and 21; 1 black over 16; 2 blacks under 16; 2 horses; 6 cattle.
Ambrose Eubank - No white males between 16 and 21; 1 black over 16; no blacks under 16; 2 horses; 6 cattle.
Amherst County Census
John Eubank - 6 white, 3 black George Eubank - 8 white, 2 black [George is two non-alpha entries away from John.] Ambrose Eubank - 6 white, 0 black [In 1783 Ambrose is living on Horsleys Creek, a few miles north of John and George.]
John Eubank - 8 white / George Eubank - 7 white / Ambrose Eubank -7 white
1800 Lexington Parish
John Eubank - 2 white males age 21 plus [himself and son Thomas Newman Eubank], 6 horses, 4 black 16 plus, 0 12 to 16, one stud horse.
George Eubank - 3 white males age 21 plus, 6 horses, 2 black 16 plus, 1 black12 to 16.
moved to Bedford in 1797)
John is a Vestryman of Lexington Parish, Amherst County
Bishop William Meade listed John Eubank among the vestrymen of Lexington Parish in Amherst County. John and Margaret's children were likely christened in the chapel at Pedlar Mills.
John and Margaret's children:
Several of the children are named for Margaret's family. It could be that their oldest child, Thomas Newman Eubank, born August 15, 1777, was named for Margaret's father and John's grandfather. In addition to John and Margaret's child named Thomas, John's brothers George and Ambrose also named an older child Thomas Eubank.
John and Margaret's second child was Lucy Eubank born late 1779 or early 1780, either in Caroline County or Amherst County.
The third child was Elias Mosley Eubank, born c1782. Elias lived in Nacogdoches County, Texas, a neighbor of his first cousin Ambrose Bullard Eubank.
John Eubank III was born c1785 in Amherst County. He married Catharine Rose.
Ann Newman Eubank
Richard Newman Eubank was born on December 22, 1792, at the family homestead and farm on Tobacco Row Mountain in Amherst County. On his 28th birthday on December 22, 1820, he was married to Mary Camden Ware, daughter of Capt. James Ware and Nancy Garland Pendleton.
Edmund Vauter Eubank
Margaret died c1809 and John died in
Margaret and John's last child, William E. J. "Jett" Eubank, was born about 1804/05. A few years after Margaret's death, John married Edith Haynes, a widow, in 1812, whose surname was Ellis, of the Ellis family who settled early in the area. John died in 1820. Thomas Newman Eubank, the eldest child, was administrator of the estate. John died without a will. Two years after John's death, the siblings sued to receive their share of the estate.
John Eubank, born c 1750 - brothers and sisters
George Eubank - George married Delilah Williams of Caroline in the mid-1770's, sold land jointly with brother John and his wife Margaret, [See order book reference of Feb. 10, 1780] then moved to Amherst County in 1780 with John and Margaret.
The names of George's children are important to consider in the research of this lineage. George's great grandson, William LaFiew Eubank, in 1940, gave to his daughter, Sallie M. Eubank, wife of Harry Tucker Eubank (Sallie and Harry were third cousins) of Amherst, the names of George and Delilah's children, oldest first: They were Thomas A. Eubank, James Eubank, William Eubank, George W. Eubank, John Eubank, Ambrose Bullard Eubank, Elizabeth Eubank, and Richard Bullard Eubank. A letter written by Ambrose B. Eubank from Nacogdoches County, Texas in 1859, reveals also daughters Ann Eubank and Lucy Eubank (Lucy was the second wife of widower Capt. James Ware, whose first wife was Nancy Pendleton Ware). Also, the letter from Ambrose B. Eubank is written to yet a third sister, Delilah Eubank.
The Claiborne account is that Nancy married a Mr. Gatewood (no first name given), and "this [Nancy's] family never moved from the lower county, most probably King & Queen."
Mary "Mollie" Eubank - According to Claiborne, Mollie Eubank married George Saunderson of Caroline and moved to Kentucky. No date for their move to Kentucky was given in the record, but they may have lived in Amherst a short time then moved on into Kentucky, as the area began to be safe for settlers. There is an Edward Saunderson living in Caroline in 1782, and a neighbor to John Eubank in Amherst from the late 1780's to 1800. On the 1800 Lexington, Amherst County tax list, among other items, Edward Saunderson was taxed for one stud horse. Edward is likely a relative of George Saunderson. The Saundersons may also have been employed at the Baylor estate in Caroline.
records indicate two children of Mollie and George:
John Saunderson and
George Saunderson. "John Saunderson married and had (1) a son
John, who married a Miss Logwood, (2) a daughter, who married a Leftwich, and
this family lived in Botetourt County, Virginia, " according to the Claiborne
Ambrose Eubank, born c1744 - From the evidence found so far of Ambrose Eubank, he is a brother to John and George. George named a son Ambrose. Ambrose Bullard of Caroline is a brother to Mary. Ambrose Eubank served in the Revolutionary War from Caroline, and may be older than John.
Are John, George, and Ambrose Eubank first cousins of Achilles Eubank, whose father was Richard Eubank, known as "Uncle Dickie Eubank," who rode horseback from Virginia to Clark County, Kentucky, in his later years?
The Richard Eubank named in the following Caroline County Order Book reference is likely a grandson of Thomas Bullard, whose daughter was Mary Bullard Eubank, wife of John Eubank, Sr. John and Mary Bullard Eubank were co-executors of the estate of Thomas Bullard :
Caroline County Court, 11th of July, 1782, page 68 -
RICHARD EUBANK and MARY his Wife, Complainants
against John Eubank, Executor of THOMAS BULLARD,
Defendant. In Chancery. Dismissed for want of prosecution.
I think the Richard Eubank in this order had lived out of the county for some time, in this case in Goochland County, and was not aware that John Eubank, the executor of Thomas Bullard's estate, had died in 1778, four years before the above court entry. The Richard Eubank whose name disappears from the order books in 1755 is probably the Richard who moved to Goochland, then to Bedford, was father of Stephen and Achilles. Both George Eubank of Amherst and Achilles Eubank of Bedford, Virginia, and Clark County, Kentucky, named a son Ambrose. George's son's name is AMBROSE BULLARD. Achilles' son Ambrose is reported in one record to have the middle name, BULLOCK which is similar to BULLARD. The name Bullard through the years may have gotten wrongly transcribed, unless, of course, there is proof in the family for the Bullock name. In his later years, Achilles moved from Clark County, Kentucky to Cooper County, Missouri, with a second wife and family. There is good evidence that Nancy Eubank, his young, second wife is the daughter of Lucy Eubank and John Ware. Lucy was the daughter of John Eubank and Margaret Newman. Lucy and John Ware were married in Amherst County in 1796 and later moved to Clark County, Kentucky, and lived near Achilles and Mary Bush Eubank at Four-Mile Creek.
Frances Eubank - Frances, who married James Overstreet is probably a sister. The following reference to Charles Overstreet, probably a son of James, is from the records of Albemarle County published in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol.31, No. 1p. 58:
p. 249. 22 Nov. 1805. Charles Overstreet &
wife, Elizabeth of Albemarle, to
David Wood of same, 105a in Amherst on Puppies Creek, purchased by
Overstreet from THOMAS N. EUBANK adj. Henry Harkless & John Taliafero.
Wit: T. Wood, David J. Lewis, James Starke.
From evidence in early surviving Caroline
County records Charles Overstreet is probably a cousin to Thomas N.
Narrative Copyright © Iris Teta Eubank Wagner 2004 - 2009
Sources of Reference:
1. Nannie Claiborne Hudson, genealogical knowledge
families,George Mason Claiborne and Nannie Eubank Claiborne of Amherst
County, Jones Memorial Library, Lynchburg, Virginia, 1980.
2. Amherst County Will Book 6 , Amherst County Deed Books E,F,G,H,I, T
3. Caroline County Order Books, the transcribed abstracts of John Frederick
Dorman and Ruth and Sam Sparacio.
4. T.E. Campbell, Colonial Caroline.
5. Dorothy Ford Wulfeck, Marriages of Some Virginia Residents, 1607 - 1800
6. Warner L. Forsyth, Mosely, Mosly Families, Appendix to Book 1, 2000
7. William F. Boogher, Gleanings of Virginia History, " Newman Family of
8. Mai Eubank Boatwright (descendant of Elias M. Eubank and Elizabeth W.
Thompson, who lived in Texas), and Curtis Humphris ( descendant of John
Eubank and Catharine Rose of Amherst, Virginia)
9. Amherst County Court Records, Amherst County, Virginia
10. Family record of Sallie Eubank (Mrs. Tucker Eubank) of Amherst County.
11. Bailey Fulton Davis, The Wills of Amherst County, 1761 - 1865.
12. Thomas H. Ellis, A Memorandum of the Ellis Family, Richmond. Virginia,
August 14, 1849.
13. William Hopkins, Caroline County, Virginia, Court Records - Chancery Suits.
14. Alexander Brown's Early-Settlers List, Alexander Brown Papers, Special
Collection Department, Swem Library, College of William and Mary,
15. 1783 Tax List, Amherst County, Virginia, rootsweb.com.
16. 1785 Tax List, Amherst County, Virginia, rootsweb.com.
17. 1789 Amherst County Land Tax Return of William Ware, Commissioner.
18. Amherst County Deed Books, E - I, Amherst County, Virginia.
19. Bishop William Meade, Old Churches, Ministers, and Families of Virginia.,
20. 1800 Tax List for Lexington Parish, Amherst County, Virginia, Peter P.
21. U.S. Census records, 1810 - 1900, online by Ancestry.com and
22. Margaret Jacqueline Moore, A History of Eubank-Ware, Hunter, Allen
Families, Jackson, Mississippi, 1979
23. The Diary of the Rev. Robert Rose, Essex County, Virginia.
24. David J. Mays, Edmund Pendleton 1721-1803: A Biography, Vols. I and 2.
25. Beverly Fleet, Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol. 7 King William, Vol. 14
King and Queen
26. Stratton Nottingham, Wills and Administrations of Accomack County,
27. Marshall Wingfield, A History of Caroline County, Virginia
28. Louis des Cognets, English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records
29. Ralph T. Whitelaw, Virginia's Eastern Shore
30. The Library of Congress, American Memory Collection, Early Virginia
31. T. L. C. Genealogy, 1760 Reconstructed Census of Virginia
32. Bailey Fulton Davis, Deeds of Amherst County, Virginia, 1761 -1807,
Albemarle Co., Virginia 1748 - 1763
33. Clark County Historical Society, Clark County Chronicles, Winchester 1924
Winchester Public Library, Dr. G. F. Doyle.
34. Hardesty's Historical Encyclopedia
35. Lenora Higginbotham Sweeney, Marriage Bonds and Other Records of
Amherst County, Virginia, 1763 - 1800
36. Caroline County, Virginia, Court Records, Probate and other Records from
the Court Order and Minute Books, 1781 - 1799.
37. The Alderman Library, University of Virginia, Manuscript Division, Baylor
papers file #2257
38. Daughters of the American Revolution, Roster of Revolutionary Ancestors,
Vol. II, Betti Boatwright McFaul, Margaret Jacquline Moore No. 560469 .
39 Virginia Historical Magazine," The Will of John Baylor of New Market," Vol.
40. Letter from Ambrose Bullard Eubank, 1859, Melrose, Nacogdoches County,
Texas, to his sister in Amherst County, Virginia.